Unit Five:  Success

Text A  A Simple Life Well Lived

                                         By Shanelle Pierce

Part A: Success



Ⅰ.Theme-related Information


A smooth sea never made a skillful mariner.平静的海洋练不出熟练的水手。

Adversity is a great schoolmaster. 逆境是好老师。 

Life is not a bed of roses. 人生不是玫瑰园。

The winds and waves are always on the side of ablest navigator. 狂风和巨浪永远站在最精明强干的航海家一边。 

Pride goes before a fall. 骄兵必败。

He that fears every bush must never go birding. 前怕狼后怕虎, 当不了猎户。

Grasp the nettle and it won’t sting you.你不怕困难, 困难就怕你。

Who has never tasted bitter, know not what is sweet.不吃苦中苦,哪知甜中甜。

 

The Significance of Failure

                                 Robert H. Schuller

Failure doesn’t mean you are a failure,

It does mean you haven’t succeeded yet.

Failure doesn’t mean you have accomplished nothing,

It does mean you have learned something.

Failure doesn’t mean you have been a fool,

It does mean you had a lot of faith.

Failure doesn’t mean you’ve been disgraced,

It does mean you were willing to try.

Failure doesn’t mean you don’t have it,

It does mean you have to do something in a different way.

失败的意义
                        罗伯特·H·舒勒

失败并不代表你是个失败者,
它只表明你尚未成功。
失败并不代表你一无所获,
它只表明你吸取了一次教训。
失败并不代表你很愚蠢,
它只表明你信心百倍。
失败并不代表你无脸见人,
它只表明你百折不回。
失败并不代表你工夫白费,
它只表明你的做事方法尚待改进。

 

Ⅱ.Language and Cultural Points:


1.pier

—n. a platform built out from the shore into the water and supported by piles               

Examples:

  We set off from the pier yesterday morning.  

我们昨天早上从码头出发。

During the storm, the boat broke loose from the pier.

在暴风雨中这艘船突然从码头松开。

at the pier of

 …的码头

Example:

 All the boats will lie at the pier of the main channel from  July   20th to July 25th.  

720日至25日所有船只将临时停泊在主航道码头区域。

2.dock

—v. come into dock

Examples:

The ship docked. 船靠码头了。

Clear the ship and let it dock.给这艘船结关让它靠码头。

immediate needs 燃眉之急

Examples:

The convenience store next door was useful for immediate needs.

隔壁的便利店可以买到急需的东西。

When selecting books in a library, always consider if each book is relevant to your immediate needs.

在图书馆选书时总是要考虑每本书是否能够满足自己眼前的需要。  

3.nap  

—n. a period of time spent sleeping

Examples:

He stretched on the lawn and took a nap.他伸开手脚躺在草地上小睡了一会儿。

You can have a nap in my bed if you like. 你愿意的话可以在我床上小睡片刻。

4.stroll

—v. to walk leisurely and with no apparent aim

Examples:

On Sunday evening people stroll along the boulevard. 星期日的傍晚,人们沿着大街溜达。

The visitors liked to stroll about the streets at night.游客们喜欢在晚上漫游街市。

5.proceed

n.usu. pl. the income or profit arising from such transactions as the sale of land or other property

  v.  move ahead travel onward in time or space

Examples:

A large part of the proceeds is instead saved and recycled into lending to rich Western countries.

相反,相当大一部分收入投入了储蓄,经过循环后,用于向西方富国放贷。

Leading Democrats say they will decide how to proceed within a week or so.

民主党领导人表示,他们将在大约一周的时间内决定如何行动。

6.fleet

—n. group of aircraft, motor vehicles or steamships operating  together under the same ownership

Examples:

Our own fleet will do the transport.我们自己的船队将负责运输。

The Greek fleet returned and the Greek army entered the city.希腊舰队折返,军队进入城内。

7.process

—n. a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

  v. deal with in a routine way

Examples:

Recognize that your fears and anxieties are a normal part of the process.

要认识到您的担忧和焦虑是整个过程的正常部分。

The factory processes leather.这个工厂加工皮革。

processor

n. someone who processes things foods photographs applicants etc.

8.distribution

—n. the act of distributing or spreading

Example:

The distribution of food as prepackaged rations is an unsatisfactory solution and should be avoided.

用预先装袋的方式分发口粮不是理想的解决办法,应予以避免。

9.expand

—v. 1. become larger in size or volume or quantity

    2. extend in one or more directions

Examples:

The merchant wants to expand his business.这位商人打算扩大他的业务。

The petals of many flowers expand in the sunshine.花瓣在阳光下绽开了。

10.IPO

n. Initial Public Offerings a corporations first offer to sell stock to the public

Example:

But the IPO is risky for the company.

但首次公开募股对于公司来说是有风险的。

11.We live in a world in which being successful is everything.

在这个句子中,in which 引导的句子为定语从句,修饰先行词 world,而在定语从句中 being successful 是动名词作为从句的主语。

12.accumulation

—n. an increase by natural growth or addition

Examples:

All this does not mean that the accumulation of capital is undesirable.

这一切并不意味着资本积累是不值得渴求的。

Without fast accumulation of material wealth, it is difficult for us to accomplish the objective of fostering balanced development.

如果没有快速积累起来的物质财富,我们就难以实现促进均衡发展的目标。

13.status

n. 1. the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society

    2. a state at a particular time

Examples:

They have jobs of middling status, perhaps in retail or self-employed manual trades.

他们有着中等职位的工作,也许在零售业或者自营手工行业。

If you want Helen to consult your doctor you can give him permission to discuss your status with her.

如果你想让海伦咨询你的医生,那你可以许可你的医生跟她讨论你的治疗状况。

14. Money never made a man happy yetnor will it....

在这个句子中,nor will it 是倒装结构。否定词 nor 放在句子的前面表示强调。其基本句型为 nor + auxiliary/be/modal verb + subject

e.g. I will not agree with younor will they.

我不会同意你的观点,他们也不会同意的。

e.g. Mike didnt finish his homework nor did his roommates.

迈克没有完成他的功课,他的室友们也没有完成。

15.accumulate

—v. get or gather together

Examples:

Over time, however, problems would first accumulate, then emerge.

不过,随着时间的流逝,问题首先会逐渐积累,接着暴露出来。

The failure is a fortune for the entrepreneur, for only some small failures can accumulate some other big successes..

失败对创业者来说是一笔财富,因为只有小的失败才能积累大的成功。

16.The businessman was so future-oriented that he hadn’t taken sufficient time to question what the future looked like.

在这个句子中,sothat 是常用的状语从句, 表示“如此...以至于...

17.orient

—v. 1. to direct sb./sth. towards sth.

    2. determine one’s position with reference to another point

Examples:

The manager told us that we should orient the commodities towards our customers.

经理告诉我们必须使商品面向顾客群体。

You can easily orient yourself in the city by the famous buildings.

利用城内的著名建筑物, 你可以很容易地确定自己的方位。

18.future-oriented

a. 以未来为考虑中心的

类似的表达还有:money-oriented以金钱为考虑中心的;time-oriented以时间为考虑中心的; profit-oriented以赢利为考虑中心的。

The businessman was so future-oriented that he hadn’t taken sufficient time to question what the future looked like.

19.sufficient

—a. of a quantity that can fulfill a need or requirement but without being abundant

Examples:

Food and water are quite sufficient here.

这里食物和水相当充足。

We have good connections with some reputable factories, so sufficient supplies and on-time delivery are thus guaranteed.

我方与一些知名厂家关系好, 因此充足的货源和及时的交货可以得到保证。

20.striking

—a. 1. sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect

    2. having a quality that thrusts itself into attention

Examples:

The difference between America and Europe is especially striking.

美国与欧洲的区别特别显著。

That which is striking and beautiful is not always good but that which is good is always beautiful.

那些引人注目的美丽的东西不一定总是好的,但是那些好的东西总是美丽的。

21.warn against  

—admonish or counsel in terms of someone’s behavior

Example:

Economists warn against drawing too much comfort from the figures.

经济学家警告人们,不要对这些数字感到过分欣慰。

 

22.over-concern   

n. sth. or sb. that causes anxiety a source of unhappiness

Example:

Seeing all this, maybe you will laugh at my over-concern and over-anxiety, however, it is quite reasonable.

或许看到这些你会说我过分担心和忧虑了,然而我的担心和忧虑却是不无道理的。

 

23.define  

—v. 1. give a definition for the meaning of a word

    2. determine the essential quality of

Examples:

They disagreed on how to define “liberal”.

他们对liberal这个词的定义持有不同的意见。

This booklet defines the committee’s functions.

这本小册子对委员们的职责做了明确的规定。

 

24.affection   

—n. a positive feeling of liking

Examples:

Several days apart further their affection.几天的分别增进了他们的感情。

A possible connotation of home is a place of warmth, comfort and affection.

家的大概涵义是一个温暖、舒适和充满爱的地方。

 

25.critic   

—n. a person who is professionally engaged in the analysis and interpretation of works of art

Example:

In his book, the drama critic commented upon all the plays he had seen.

在他的书中,戏剧评论家批评了他所见到的所有的演员。

Warm-up