Unit Six : Family

Text A: A Moving Letter to My Wife

                                        By Christian Spragg

Part A: Family



Ⅰ.Theme-related Information


nuclear family 核心家庭(仅由父母及子女组成)

extended family大家庭(尤指三代以上同堂者)

DINK    (double income, no kids)丁克家庭 (一对夫妻,双份收入,没有孩子)

reconstituted family 重组家庭

blended family 混合家庭(一方再婚或者双方再婚) 

only child独生子女

real mother真正的母亲

single mother单身妈妈

half brother/sister同父异母或同母异父的兄弟/姐妹 

twin brother/sister 双胞胎兄弟/姐妹

ex-husband/wife前夫/

relative亲戚

 

Do you know the meaning of the word “family”?

Family means Father and Mother, I love you!

 

Know more about the family —  Mother’s Day

Mother’s Day, is a day to show appreciation to mothers. The festival first appeared in ancient Greece, but the modern Mother's Day is the second Sunday of every May, originated in the United States of America. On this day, mothers usually receive gifts, the carnation (康乃馨) is regarded as the flower dedicated to mothers, while Chinese mothers receive lily flower (萱草花)----also known as nepenthes (忘忧草).

 

Ⅱ.Language and Cultural Points:


1.give birth

—  to bear a baby

Example:

 She gave birth to a fine healthy baby.

她生了个漂亮健康的婴儿。

2.moving

— a.  arousing or capable of arousing deep emotion

Example:

 This book is a deeply moving account of life on the streets.

这本书是对街头流浪生活极为动人的描述。

The famous star gave a moving performance full of raw emotion.

这位著名的明星进行了一场充满真情实感的动人表演 

3.the moment

    ……就 

Example:

 The moment he reached the country, he started his search.

他一到那个国家就开始寻找。

4.the moment

the moment后跟句子作时间状语。其他一些表示时间的引导时间状语从句的名词短语: the minute, every time the first time, etc.

Example:

I thought her nice and honest the first time I met her.

我第一次遇见她,我就觉得她善良、诚实。

I’ll tell her the minute she comes. 她一来我就告诉她。

Every time I saw the straw hat, it reminded me of the tour I made years before.

每次我看到这顶草帽,就想起多年前的一次旅行。

5.gather the courage

    鼓起勇气                  

Example:

  He gathered the courage to call out his stand.他鼓足勇气喊出他的立场。

6.splash out (on sth.)

—  (infml) to spend money (on sth.) in a carefree way

Example:

 She splashed out on a new pair of shoes.她心血来潮买了一双新鞋 

We splashed out on a few luxuries.我们大手大脚地花钱,买了几件奢侈品 

7.tilt

— v. to move, or make sth. move into a position with one side or end higher than the other

Example:

 Suddenly the boat tilted to one side. 突然小船倾向了一边。

8.aisle

 n. a passage between rows of seats in a church, theatre train, etc., or between rows of shelves in a supermarket                  

Example:

 Coffee and tea are in the next aisle.

下个过道内有咖啡和茶    

Do you remember how the royal couple walked down the aisle in Westminster Cathedral?

你还记得英国王族夫妇在威斯敏斯特教堂举行婚礼的情况吗?

9.ecstatic

 a. very happy, excited and enthusiastic feeling or showing great enthusiasm

Example:

  He was ecstatic at the news of his daughter’s birth.

他获悉女儿出生不禁欣喜若狂 

10.… and spent the months running up to the birth getting the nursery ready.

running up to the birth为现在分词短语作定语修饰前面的名词,表示“临近生产的几个月” ;动词spend的搭配是spend time (in) doing sth. , 句中getting the nursery ready为动名词短语作主语的补足语。                

11.grab

— v. to take or hold sb./sth. with your hand suddenly, firmly or roughly

Example:

 She grabbed the child’s hand and ran.  她抓住孩子的手就跑。

snatch seize grasp clutch

snatch  夺走;夺得 

e.g. He snatched the ball out of my hand. 他从我手里夺走了球 

seize  —抓住; 捉住 

e.g. Seize the chance, otherwise you’ll regret it.抓住这个机会,否则你会后悔的 

grasp —抓牢 

e.g. The little girl grasped her mother’s arm. 这个小女孩紧紧地抓着她妈妈的胳膊 

clutch  —抓住;攫取 

e.g. The boy clutched the marbles and ran away. 那男孩一把抢去弹珠便逃之夭夭 

12.lively

— a. full of life and energy

Example:

  He is an outgoing and lively person.  他是个性格开朗而又活泼的人 

lively, alive, live, living

Examples:

Young children are usually lively.小孩子们通常是活泼的 

lively “活泼的,快活的,生动的”等意思,可以指人或物,可作定语或表语;但它没有“活着的”的意思,而其他三个都有。

He told a very lively story.

他讲了一个十分生动的故事。

lively, alive, live, living

e.g. This is a live (=living fish.=This is a fish alive. 

这是一条活鱼。(指动物,且作定语时,三者均可用) 

aliveliveliving都有“活的,有生命的”的意思,与dead意义相反。但live通常只作前置定语,且一般用于动物;aliveliving不仅可作定语(alive只能置于名词后;living一般置于名词前,也可置于名词后),也可以作表语。

e.g. Whos the greatest man alive? =living man

谁是当今最伟大的人物?(指人,不能用live 

e.g. The fish is still alive. =living

那条鱼还活着。(指动物,作表语时不能用live

e.g. The enemy officer was caught alive. (作主语补足语,不用living

那位敌方军官被活捉了。

living主要指在某个时候是活着的,而alive指本来有死的可能,但仍活着。而且,作主语补足语或宾语补足语时,只能用alive;作比喻义(如“活像…”、“活生生的”等)解时,要用living

e.g. We found the snake alive. (作宾语补足语,不用living

我们发现蛇还活着。

e.g. He is the living image of his father. (比喻义,不用alive

他活像他父亲。

e.g. The living are more important to us than the dead.

那位对我们来说,活着的人比死去的人更重要。

living前只有加the方可表示“活着的人”,作主语时,视作复数。

13.due

— a. arranged or expected

— a. owed as a debt or an obligation

Examples:

The next train is due in five minutes. 他们是否已得到应得的钱?

Have they been paid the money due to them?

下一班火车预定在五分钟后抵达。

14.induce

— v. to make a woman start giving birth to her baby by giving her special drugs  

— v.  to persuade or influence sb. to do sth.

Examples:

   Nothing would induce me to take the job. 我们得给她引产。

We’ll have to induce her.没有什么能诱使我接受这份工作。

15.distress

— n.  pain; sorrow; suffering

Example:

  The death of his wife caused him great distress.妻子的死使他很悲痛。

16. be surrounded by

 …包围

Example:

  The famous movie star was surrounded by her fans.这位著名的影星被她的影迷们包围着。

 

17. When she was born she was blue…      …她浑身青紫……

18. let alone

—  used after a statement to emphasize that because the first thing is not true or possible, the next thing cannot be true or possible,  either

Example:

  We fear no death, let alone difficulties.我们死都不怕,何况困难。

19. straight away

—   immediately

Examples:

Edward wanted to see his churchman straight away. 爱德华想立即见他的牧师。

Synonym:

 right away

She guessed the answer straight away.她马上就猜中了答案。

20. wheel

— v. move along on

Example:

The sails of the windmill were wheeling round.

风车的叶轮正在旋转。

 wheel既可以作动词也可以作名词 

The wheelbarrow has one wheel.

独轮手推车有一个轮子。

—其他一些既可以作动词也可以作名词的词:want, water, love, need, suggest, excuse, stop, require, risk, break, etc.

21. major

— a. severe

Example:

We have encountered major problems.我们已遇到重大的问题。

22. I didn’t know which of you to turn to first .

疑问词which后跟不定式在句子中做宾语。wh形式的疑问词(如whatwhowhere等)构成的不定式在句子中除了做宾语外,还可以做主语、主语补足语。                  

e.g. When to start has not been decided. (主语) 什么时候考试还没决定 

e.g.  I can tell you where to get the book. (宾语)我可以告诉你哪里可以得到这本书 

23. bleed

— v. lose blood from one’s body

 v.   draw blood from sb. 

Doctors used to bleed people when they were ill.从前医生常常给病人放血。

Examples:

If you cut your finger, it will bleed. 如果你割破手指,它会流血。


Warm-up