Unit Four : Education

 Text A: We Are Raising Children, Not Flowers

                                                By Jack Canfield

We Are Raising Children, Not Flowers



Ⅰ.Theme-related Information


Your children are not your children.

They are the sons and daughters of Life's longing for itself.

They come through you but not from you,

And though they are with you, yet they belong not to you.

You may give them your love but not your thoughts,

For they have their own thoughts.

You may house their bodies but not their souls,

For their souls dwell in the house of tomorrow,

Which you cannot visit, not even in your dreams.

You may strive to be like them, but seek not to make them like you.

For life goes not backwards, nor tarries with yesterday.

 

                                                   Kahlil Gibran, The Prophet

Jack Canfield is a co-founder of the billion dollar Chicken Soup for the Soul brand, and a leading authority on Peak Performance.

 

Cultural Note Chicken Soup for the Soul is a series of books usually featuring a collection of short and dense inspirational stories and motivational essays. The 101 stories in the first book of the series were compiled by motivational speakers Jack Canfield and Mark Victor Hansen.

 

Ⅱ.Language and Cultural Points:


1. lawn

 n. a field of cultivated and mowed grass

Example:

 There are a lot of children playing on the lawn.

很多孩子在草坪上玩耍。

2.as

Example:

 You will grow wiser as you grow older.你会随着年龄的增长而越来越聪明。

表示“当…的时候”, aswhen, while都是引导时间状语从句的从属连词, 含义都是“当…的时候”。三者的区别:

as时,主句和从句的动作一般同时发生,而且具有延续的含义。

when时,从句的动作可以与主句的动作同时发生,也可以先于主句的动作发生。

Example:

 It was snowing when he arrived at the construction site.

他到达工地时,天正在下雪。

while时,从句的动作是一个过程,主句的动作与从句的动作可以同时进行或在从句的动作过程中发生。

He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.

他母亲做饭时,他在看电视。

3.teach sb. how to do sth.

 教某人如何做某事

Example:

 The teacher is trying to teach the children how to use the tool.

老师正在教孩子们如何使用这工具。

4.at the edge of

Example:

 The hotel is situated at the edge of the town. 酒店在小镇的边缘位置。

at the edge of/on the edge of 都有“在…的边缘,濒临边缘”的意思,两者略有区别:

at the edge of:濒临边缘,接近边缘                  

Example:

 Dont put the glass on the edge of table. 不要把杯子放在桌子边上。

on the edge of:(已)在边缘上 

5.… leaving a two-foot wide path leveled to the ground

Example:

 She sat under a tree, reading a book.  她坐在树下看书。

这个结构是现在分词短语作状语,表伴随状况。现在分词短语作状语时,其逻辑主语应与句子的主语一致,可以表示伴随状况、结果、时间、条件、方式等。                 

现在分词作伴随状语,表示某一动作与另一动作同时发生。                 

6.… leaving a two-foot wide path leveled to the ground

Example:

 His father died, leaving him a debt of 20,000.

他的父亲死了,留下了两万美金的债务。

现在分词作结果状语,表示某一动作造成的结果。这个结构是现在分词短语作状语,表伴随状况。现在分词短语作状语时,其逻辑主语应与句子的主语一致,可以表示伴随状况、结果、时间、条件、方式等。                 

7.level to the ground

 to crush or demolish sth. down to the ground

Example:

 The fire leveled all the buildings to the ground.

大火把所有的建筑物都夷为平地了。

8.lose control

 not have power over (sb. or sth.)

Example:

 Suddenly I lost control of myself and hit him.

我一时失控,打了他。

9.flower beds

 花坛;花圃  

Example:

 The gardens were laid out with lawns, flower beds and fountains.

 花园的设计包括了草坪、花坛和喷泉。

10.envy

 n. 1. a feeling of grudging admiration and desire to have sth. that is possessed by another  

2. spite and  resentment at seeing the success of another

Examples:

 They were full of envy when he won the first place of competition.

 当他获得比赛第一名时,他们都非常羡慕他。

He envies her position that she has achieved in her profession.

他对她所获得的工作职务非常妒忌。

11.raise ones voice

 speak more loudly

Example:

 When you speak in a crowd, you should raise your voice.

在人群中讲话时,你要抬高声音。

... any physical object they might break or destroy.

此句为省略that的定语从句“(thatthey might break or destroy”修饰前面的名词 any physical object”。

12.The window shattered by a baseball, a lamp knocked over by a careless child, or a plate dropped in the kitchen is already broken.

句子主干是The window, a lamp or a plate is already broken 。句中的三个过去分词短语shattered by a baseball", "knocked over by a careless child,dropped in the kitchen”分别作“window,lamp,plate”的后置定语。

13.knock over

 cause to overturn from an upright or normal position

Example:

 Jim was knocked over by a bus, but not seriously hurt.

吉姆被公共汽车撞倒了,但伤得不重。

14.lessen

 v. decrease in size, extent, or range

Example:

 The Japanese should lessen their working hours.

日本人应该减少工作时数。

Synonyms:

 decrease diminish reduce dwindle decline deaden

15.start in on sb.

 begin to criticize, scold or shout at sb.

Example:

 He started in on us again for poor work.

因为我们干得不好,他又数落开了。

16.intentional

 a. by conscious design or purpose

Examples:

 If my words hurt you,  it was not intentional.

如果我的话伤害了你,我不是有意的。

intentionally

 ad. deliberately

He was the one who intentionally offended John.

他就是故意冒犯约翰的人。

17.beam

 v. smile radiantly; express joy through ones facial expression

Example:

 Seeing the gift, her face beamed with joy.

见到礼物,她面露喜色。 

laugh, smile, giggle, grin, beam, sneer这些动词均含“笑”之意,但略有区别:

laugh:最常用,指因喜悦、愉快或轻视而出声地笑或大笑。

smile:指面露微笑,侧重于无声。

giggle:指发出咯咯的笑声,较多地用于女人或孩子。

grin:指露齿而笑。

sneer:指冷笑、嘲笑。

beam:书面用词,指人因心情舒畅而发出的笑,即喜形于色地笑。

18.back off

 move backwards from a certain position

Example:

 Tom was ready for a fight, but he backed off at the last minute.

汤姆准备打一架,但是最后一刻放弃了。

19.breakthrough

 move backwards from a certain position

Example:

  It is a major technological breakthrough for them.

这是他们主要的技术性突破。

20.He was being interviewed by a newspaper reporter who asked him why he thought he was able to be so much more creative than the average person.

Examples:

 A newspaper reporter was interviewing him at that time.

那时报社记者正在采访他。

He was being interviewed by a newspaper reporter at that time.

那时他正在接受报社记者的采访。

... was being interviewed ...”是过去进行时的被动语态。过去进行时的被动语态由“was/were + being +  vt.pp (及物动词的过去分词)”构成,是指被动状态下的、过去正在进行或发生的事。

Examples:

 Jane was cooking dinner at 5 p.m. yesterday.

昨天下午5点,简在做晚饭。

Dinner was being cooked at 5 p.m. yesterday by Jane.

晚饭是简昨天下午5点做的。

21.creative

 a. 1. having the ability or power to create

     2. promoting construction or creation

Examples:

 He combines creative imagination with true scholarliness.

他兼有创造性的想象力和真正的学者风范。

The writing of poems, stories or plays is often called creative writing.

诗歌、小说和剧本的写作常常被称作创作。

22.respond

 v. show a response or a reaction to sth.

Example:

 He tried to be amusing but she didnt respond.

他试图逗她, 可她一点反应都没有。

23.He had been trying to remove a bottle of milk from the refrigerator when he lost his grip on the slippery bottle and it fell, spilling its contents all over the kitchen floor a genuine sea of milk!

Examples:

 They had been expecting the news for some time.

他们期待这个消息有一段时间了。(强调动作一直在进行)

... had been trying ... 过去完成进行时态。过去完成进行 时态是由had been + v-ing(动词的现在分词)”构成的,表示过去某一时间之前一直进行的动作。

I had been looking for it for days before I found it.

这东西我找了好多天才找着。 (强调动作一直在进行)

②“过去完成进行时”与“过去完成时”的比较:

Examples:

 She had cleaned the officeso it was very tidy.

她已经打扫过办公室了,所以很整洁。(强调结果)

She had been cleaning the officeso we had to wait outside.

她一直在打扫办公室,所以我们不得不在外面等着。(强调动作一直在进行)

24.The little girl came into the room, singing and dancing cheerfully.

小女孩唱唱跳跳地走进屋。

spilling its contents all over the kitchen floor, 现在分词短语作状语, 表伴随状况。现在分词短语作状语时, 其逻辑主语应与句子的主语一致, 可以表示伴随状况、结果、时间、条件、方式等。

Warm-up