Unit Three : Life in E-era

Text A : Is the Internet Really Killing Family Life?

                                                   By Aleks Krotoski

Part A:  Life in E-era



Ⅰ.Theme-related Information


1.The Xbox

The Xbox is a sixth-generation video game console manufactured by Microsoft. It was released on November 15, 2001 in North America, February 22, 2002 in Japan, and March 14, 2002 in Australia and Europe and is the predecessor to the Xbox 360. It was Microsofts first foray into the gaming console market. The integrated Xbox Live service allowed players to compete online.

2.Skype

Skype is a software application that allows users to make voice calls and chats over the Internet. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free. Skype has also become popular for its additional features which include instant messaging and video conferencing.

Facebook

Facebook is a social networking service and website launched in 2004, operated and privately owned by Facebook, Inc. Users may create a personal profile, add other users as friends, and exchange messages when they update their profiles. Additionally, users may join common interest user groups, organized by workplace, school or college, or other characteristics.

.iPad

iPad is designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., primarily as a platform for audio-visual media including books, periodicals, movies, music, games, and web content.

Kinect

Kinect is a controller-free gaming and entertainment experience by Microsoft for the Xbox 360 video game platform.

 

Ⅱ.Language and Cultural Points:


1.shove

 v. to put sth. somewhere roughly or carelessly

Example:

 He came over and shoved a piece of paper into my hand.

他走过来往我手里塞了一张纸条。

2., society is collapsing around us.

collapse

 v. 1. to fail suddenly or completely

2.to fall down or fall in suddenly, often after breaking apart

Examples:

 Talks between management and unions have collapsed.

资方与工会的谈判已告破裂。

The roof collapsed under the weight of snow.

房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。

Paraphrase:

..., the society is changing dramatically with more and more people getting access to the Internet.

3.weaken

 v. 1. to make sb./sth. less strong or powerful; to become less strong or powerful

     2. to become or make sb. become less determined or certain about sth.

Example:

Nothing could weaken his resolve to continue.

什么也不能削弱他继续下去的决心。 

4.Researchers whove been studying the family from the days before the web had already described how family life was weakening because of the rise of individualism.

Examples:

 Capitalism stresses innovation, competition and individualism.

individual  a. being or characteristic of a single thing or person

Individualism  n. 个人主义;个人至上

资本主义强调的是创新、竞争和个人至上。

She owes her success to her individualism and flair.

她把她的成功归功于她的个人魅力和天资。

Paraphrase:

 Researchers whove been studying the family from the days before the Internet noted that family members had fewer meals and other family activities together because of the rise of individualism, which stresses independence and self-reliance, while opposing most external interference whether from society, family or any group or institution.

5.divorce

  n. the legal ending of a marriage

    v. to end ones marriage to sb. legally

Example:

 The marriage ended in divorce in 1996.

这桩婚姻在1996年以离婚而告终。

6.trait

  n. a distinguishing feature of ones personal nature

Example:

 One of his less attractive traits is criticizing his wife in public.  

他有个不大讨人喜欢的特点,就是爱当众责备妻子。

7.era

  n. a period of time, usually in history, that is different from other periods because of particular characteristics or events

Examples:

 the Victorian/modern/post-war era

 维多利亚女王/当今/战后时代

When she left the firm, it was the end of an era (= things were different after that).

她离开公司后,一个时代结束了(后来的情况就大不一样了) 

8.point a / the finger (at sb.)

  to accuse sb. of doing sth.

Example:

 The article points an accusing finger at the authorities .

这篇文章指责当局。

9.blame

  v. to think or say that sb./sth. is responsible for sth. bad

    n. responsibility for doing sth. badly or wrongly; saying that  sb. is responsible for sth.

Examples:

 A dropped cigarette is being blamed for the fire.

一根乱扔的烟被指为引起这场火灾的罪魁祸首。

Why do I always get the blame for everything that goes wrong?

为什么出了事总是让我背黑锅?

10.protest

  v. to say or do sth. to show that you disagree with or disapprove of sth., especially publicly

    n. the expression of strong disagreement with or opposition to sth.; a statement or an action that shows this

Examples:

 Its no use protesting, I wont change my mind.

抗议是没有用的,我决不改变主意。 

The announcement raised a storm of protest.

这个声明引起了一场抗议风潮。

11.hang out

  to spend a lot of time in a place

Example:

 Why do you just hang out in bars? Why not hang out with me?

为什么你只在酒吧玩?何不跟我一起出去?

12.scare

  v. to frighten sb.

Example:

 It scared me to think I was alone in the building.

想到楼里只有我一个人,怪害怕的。 

 

   v. to go somewhere quickly, suddenly or for a short time

Example:

 Ill pop over and see you this evening.

我今晚就赶去看你。

 

14.in case

  as a way of being safe from sth. that might happen or might be true

Examples:

 Be quiet in case you wake the baby.轻点儿,别吵醒婴儿。

In case she comes back, let me know immediately.假使她回来了,立刻告诉我。

 

15.Now that were so scared of one another in real-life that we wont pop next door for a cup of sugar in case the man has a gun, the web is our way out of our cages.

now that”中的now是个连接词,连接表示原因的从句,相当于 because of the fact that ...

Example:

 Now that youve got your driving license, you can drive on your own.

既然你已拿到驾照,你能自己开车了。

Paraphrase:

We dont feel safe in real life, but in our inner heart we still have the need to communicate with people. So many of us turn to the Internet where we can hide our identity and feel the sense of security.

 

16.if anything

   used to express an opinion about sth., or after a negative statement to suggest that the opposite is true

Example:

 Shes not thin  if anything, shes on the plump side.

她并不瘦,其实她还有点胖呢。

 

17. transient:

   a. staying or working in a place for only a short time before moving on

Example:

  Its a city with a large transient population.

这是个有大量流动人口的城市。 

18.give rise to

   to cause sth. to happen or exist

Examples:

 The new law gave rise to many complaints.

新法规引起许多人的不满。

Unhygienic conditions give rise to disease.

卫生条件不好会导致疾病。

 

19.migration

   n. the movement of large numbers of people, birds or animals from one place to another

Example:

 There has been several mass migrations in this century.

本世纪发生了几次大规模的迁移。 

 

20.“where the need to make a living ...”中“where”引导定语从句,放在表示地点的词语之后,表示“at, in or to which (place)”;在从句中,“where”做地点状语。 

Examples:

 This is the place where I hid the key.

这就是我藏钥匙的地方。

In 1963 we moved to Boston, where my grandparents lived.

1963年,我们搬到波士顿,也就是我祖父母生活的地方。

The government is at a stage where it is willing to talk to almost anyone.

政府现在处于愿意和几乎任何人谈话的阶段。

where可做连接词,引导宾语从句。 

Example:

He knew where Henry had gone.

他知道亨利去哪里了。

 

21.virtually

   ad. almost, or very nearly, so that any slight difference is not important

Example:

 He virtually admitted he was guilty.

他实际上已承认自己有罪。

 

22.revolve

 v. to have sb./sth. as the main interest or subject

Example:

 Toms life revolves around his job.

汤姆的工作是他的生活中心。

 

23.remote

 a. that you can connect to from far away, using an electronic link

Example:

 We need a remote terminal.

我们需要一个远程终端。

 

24.communal

 a. shared by, or for the use of, a number of people, especially people who live together

Example:

  As a student he tried communal living for a few years.

还是学生时他尝试过了几年集体生活。

 

25.facilitate

 v. make easier

Examples:

 The new airport will facilitate tourism.

新机场落成将会促进旅游业发展。

We facilitate them to resist the enemy.

我们帮助他们抵抗敌人。

 

26.grab

  v. to take advantage of an opportunity to do or have sth.

Example:

 This was my big chance and I grabbed it with both hands.

这是我的大好机会,我紧紧抓住了。 

 

27.headline-grabbing reports

Paraphrase:

  reports that are intended to attract a lot of attention from the media

 

28.frustrate

  v. hinder or prevent

Example:

 The rescue attempt was frustrated by bad weather.

拯救行动因天气恶劣受阻。 

 

Warm-up